15 Cấu trúc, cách dùng và lưu ý khi dùng câu điều kiện loại 1 mới nhất

Mục lục
hiện

Câu điều kiện loại 1 cũng như các câu điều kiện khác trong tiếng Anh, là phần kiến thức khiến không ít người học cảm thấy bối rối. Để giúp các bạn hiểu hơn về loại câu này, ELSA Speak sẽ chia sẻ chi tiết về cấu trúc, cách dùng và những lưu ý khi dùng loại câu này nhé.

Định nghĩa câu điều kiện loại 1 

Câu điều kiện loại 1 xuất hiện thường xuyên trong cả giao tiếp thường ngày cũng như trong văn viết. Loại câu này được sử dụng để diễn tả điều kiện có thể xảy ra thật trong tương lai hoặc ở hiện tại, đi kèm với nó là kết quả có thể xảy ra. 


Kiểm tra phát âm với bài tập sau:

{{ sentences[sIndex].text }}
Click to start recording!

Recording… Click to stop!

loading

`,
data() {
return {
audioContext: false,
canTest: false,
sendData: ”,
loading: false,
resultTest: {},
}
},
mounted() {
if (this.supported()) {
this.canTest = true;
}
this.$options.sockets.onmessage = (data) => {
data = JSON.parse(data.data);
console.log(data);
this.processResponseWebSocket(data);
};
},
props: [‘input’, ‘isActive’],
methods: {
supported() {
return (window.AudioContext !== undefined || window.webkitAudioContext !== undefined) &&
navigator.mediaDevices &&
navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia;
},
processResponseWebSocket(data) {
if (data.type === ‘ELSA:decoding_result’) {
this.severStopRecording();
this.resultTest = data.data;
this.emitResult();
} else if (data.type === ‘ELSA:server_closing’) {
this.resultTest = {
error: ‘server_closing’
};
this.emitResult();
}
//data.type === ‘ELSA:error’?
},
initRecording() {
this.$SOCKET.initWebsocket(this.input);
this.canTest = true;
},
recordStreaming() {
const vm = this;
rec && rec.exportWAV(function(blob) {
currentRecordBlob.push(blob);
if (vm.$SOCKET.isOpen()) {
vm.$SOCKET.sendAudio(blob);
rec.clear();
} else {
console.log(‘socket close!’)
vm.severStopRecording();
vm.resultTest = {
error: ‘server_closing’
};
vm.emitResult();
}
});
},
startRecording() {
console.log(‘startRecording’);
if (this.canTest) {
const constraints = {
audio: true,
video: false
};
const that = this;
navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia(constraints).then(function(stream) {
that.audioContext = new AudioContext();
gumStream = stream;
input = that.audioContext.createMediaStreamSource(stream);
rec = new Recorder(input, {
numChannels: 1
})
rec.record();
that.initRecording();
}).catch(function(err) {
console.log(err);
// check for microphone allows!
checkDeviceSupport(function() {
if(!isMicrophoneAlreadyCaptured) {
alert(‘Microphone not allowed. Make sure your browser allows micro in its setting and you accept this page to access your micro!’)
location.reload()
} else {
slog(‘error’, err.message, `startRecording -> navigator.mediaDevices.getUserMedia -> isMicrophoneAlreadyCaptured: ${isMicrophoneAlreadyCaptured}`);
alert(`Something wrong! (${err.message}). The page will be reload`)
location.reload()
}
});
});

this.sendData = setInterval(this.recordStreaming, 2000);
} else {
alert(‘Microphone not supported. Make sure you are using a browser that allows microphone recording. (Safari for iPhone/IPad, Chrome/Firefox for Android)’)
}
},
userStopRecord() {
this.$SOCKET.finishRecord();
rec && rec.stop();
gumStream && gumStream.getAudioTracks()[0].stop();
this.recordStreaming();
this.loading = true;
rec.clear();
clearInterval(this.sendData);
},
severStopRecording() {
this.$SOCKET.disconnectSocket();
clearInterval(this.sendData);
rec && rec.stop();
gumStream && gumStream.getAudioTracks()[0].stop();
this.loading = false;
rec.clear();
},
recording: function() {
if (this.isActive) {
this.$emit(‘start’, {});
this.startRecording();
}
},
submit: function() {
this.userStopRecord();
},
emitResult: function() {
this.$emit(‘result’, {
score: this.resultTest
});
this.resultTest = {};
}
}
});
/////////////////////////////////////////// data ///////////////////////////////////////
// var instruction = new Vue({
// el: ‘#instruction’,
// data: {
// message: ‘https://d1t11jpd823i7r.cloudfront.net/favicon/favicon.ico’
// }
// });
var postId, matches = document.body.className.match(/(^|s)postid-(d+)(s|$)/);
if (matches) {
// found the id
postId = matches[2];
}
if(postId == “1020”){
var sentences = [{
text: ‘I noticed some unusual charges yesterday.’,
hash: ’93d62441154adb0462a21148bc28e2cc5c1719d8c2c36ebfd9e9b54910fca5d2′,
audio_url: ‘https://d2hga9ilh6x7l5.cloudfront.net/ELSA/m65/l1632/e8080/0n3mnh2rxolac8gvuemk59yba.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, {
text: ‘People returns to their hometowns, clean their homes, decorate and cook traditional food.’,
hash: ‘490ea75959b74778991cd416e41daaa1147afaf076204c4ace836fa3be268e46’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/_extras_/dnhkc0nw4vg6fahj0ivjpgc69.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, {
text: ‘Parents give children lucky money in red envelopes on the first day of Lunar New Year.’,
hash: ‘b163537e4f0aacc02b2afc00fa4e268738ffe02847cb9bf4bb89296148cadee2’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m76/l6955/e30982/1ihnqwctnznb5o0t81urkdrc9.mp3’,
audio: null,
},]
} else if(postId == “4245”){
var sentences = [{
text: ‘People returns to their hometowns, clean their homes, decorate and cook traditional food.’,
hash: ‘490ea75959b74778991cd416e41daaa1147afaf076204c4ace836fa3be268e46’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/_extras_/dnhkc0nw4vg6fahj0ivjpgc69.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, {
text: “I’m going to the conference this year.”,
hash: ‘8679c3596e09973d9024d50298f9f0ee76a06fe25c9c8e164ccdb9bc46c3dd6b’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/_extras_/w32xucijsggu6whs0jok41vyc.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘My objective is to learn a lot there.’,
hash: ‘471e9bab4c0067dd58769927cb774d06005c965c8800e973ed57aa7b1601d65f’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/_extras_/km8dmpvn8a8vogv0pypc17vxc.mp3’,
audio: null,
},]
} else if(postId == “1005”){
var sentences = [{
text: ‘I used to play squash but I had to give it up. I hurt my shoulder pretty bad last year’,
hash: ‘4d9eab3421f86a8b07f2e25f54ac258ce0def5a3912fd402f2de3969f91835f3’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8637/e40464/2uwlpt9mwbvvgvl0jqq8oj214.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘We figured out a solution to the problem’,
hash: ‘e1f5c7388a662e2a13b81c885985af88859d193373b852101e6452ef6fc7cd3b’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8643/e40496/mt9fnwig2sdcjtvo4k60xwkn3.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘We will, yes! As I pointed out earlier, we want everyone to be involved’,
hash: ‘afb884f6db918faf158011b89b57d0431f805cd05b045711ef7a5b64359982c1’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8646/e40512/qwq92516ifmovolo2200my164.mp3’,
audio: null,
},]
} else if(postId == “3680”){
var sentences = [{
text: ‘I used to play squash but I had to give it up. I hurt my shoulder pretty bad last year’,
hash: ‘4d9eab3421f86a8b07f2e25f54ac258ce0def5a3912fd402f2de3969f91835f3’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8637/e40464/2uwlpt9mwbvvgvl0jqq8oj214.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘We figured out a solution to the problem’,
hash: ‘e1f5c7388a662e2a13b81c885985af88859d193373b852101e6452ef6fc7cd3b’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8643/e40496/mt9fnwig2sdcjtvo4k60xwkn3.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘We will, yes! As I pointed out earlier, we want everyone to be involved’,
hash: ‘afb884f6db918faf158011b89b57d0431f805cd05b045711ef7a5b64359982c1’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8646/e40512/qwq92516ifmovolo2200my164.mp3’,
audio: null,
},]
}else if(postId == “8343”){
var sentences = [{
text: ‘Are we going out? I should probably change into a dress then’,
hash: ‘e7b4fd8dad2dd964e0cd154c544fd3594cffc1357aa7720d350ab98123c6faac’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8642/e40491/evlbjwk09mfbmfg6chzo3cd44.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: “For sure! I’ll need to visit several branches every week”,
hash: ‘0c1f6f2c16b52ca34d6a77c99fd62a9a3b0e5824a7c8e3c047800be70a0a270a’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8648/e40522/q0qbuwo7vm3v6j3rcek3f6g54.mp3’,
audio: null,
},{
text: ‘Well, it turned out that Charles was also in town’,
hash: ‘a75b35532832e4aa63a33994cc98bbfba45b124dde1162b06b0f6518e1f1f2c2’,
audio_url: ‘https://content-media.elsanow.co/ELSA/m516/l8655/e40557/iac1mj826m8j7l8608ab57dv3.mp3’,
audio: null,
},]
} else {
var sentences = [{
text: ‘This summer I will visit a new country with two of my best friends’,
hash: ‘9d04f4a4bc5b420616c5b0df180b8b4219c87a07e8348fad093c0ddabed8d48b’,
audio_url: ‘https://d1t11jpd823i7r.cloudfront.net/assessment/audio/general_01.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, {
text: ‘We will go sightseeing and stay at a resort by the ocean’,
hash: ‘0136951c3017585dd152790a772682b53749830474ca8d33fb4d0de406b155df’,
audio_url: ‘https://d1t11jpd823i7r.cloudfront.net/assessment/audio/general_02.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, {
text: ‘We will get to enjoy a nice room with a beautiful view of the ocean’,
hash: ‘a65afb8118966d627e6f4e354ebc17a0d74c0e941a76323ff68815a73ebc2003’,
audio_url: ‘https://d1t11jpd823i7r.cloudfront.net/assessment/audio/3-We_will_get.mp3’,
audio: null,
}, ]

// shuffle sentences
}
/////////////////////////////////////////// tracking ///////////////////////////////////////
function setCookie(cname, cvalue, exdays) {
var d = new Date();
d.setTime(d.getTime() + (exdays * 24 * 60 * 60 * 1000));
var expires = “expires=” + d.toUTCString();
document.cookie = cname + “=” + cvalue + “;” + expires + “;path=/”;
}

function getCookie(cname) {
var name = cname + “=”;
var decodedCookie = decodeURIComponent(document.cookie);
var ca = decodedCookie.split(‘;’);
for (var i = 0; i 768 )
{
var circle_diameter = vw > 768 ? 120: 80;
}
else
{
var circle_diameter = vw 10) {
console.log(‘wait too long’)
clearInterval(waitingInterval);
this.force_try_again();
}
}

},
restart: function() {
this.sIndex = 0;
this.userResponses = Array(this.sentences.length).fill(null);
},
next: function() {
if (this.currentQuestion {
const avg = self.userResults.reduce((prev, cur) => prev + cur.nativeness_score_percentage_user, 0);
self.avg = Math.round(avg / self.userResults.length);
var phonemesNew = phonemes.map(({ start_index, end_index, text, score_type }) => ({
start_index,
end_index,
text,
score_type
}));
return {
nativeness_score_percentage,
nativeness_score_percentage_partial,
nativeness_score_percentage_user,
phonemes: phonemesNew,
sentence,
audio_url: self.sentences[index].audio_url
}
});
document.getElementById(‘native-score’).value = self.avg;
if (self.testResult.length) {
localStorage.setItem(‘userResult’, JSON.stringify(self.testResult));
openPopup();
}
}
},
register: function() {
window.location.href = “https://vn.elsaspeak.com/tieng-anh-speaking-full-payment/?lead_source=” + lead_source + “&utm_medium=Blog&utm_content=tong-quan-kien-thuc-ve-cau-dieu-kien-loai-1&utm_term=hoc-tieng-anh&utm_source=SEO&placement=trial_section&utm_campaign=trial_section”;
},
prev: function() {
if (this.sIndex > 0) {
this.sIndex–;
this.retry();
}
},
retry: function() {
if (this.activeButton != ”) return;
this.state=”viewing”;
this.userResults[this.sIndex] = null;
},
scored: function(e) {
if (e.score) {
waitingInterval && clearInterval(waitingInterval);
if (e.score.error === ‘server_closing’) {
if (this.state == ‘playing’ || this.state == ‘finish’) this.force_try_again();
return;
}
this.userResponses[this.sIndex] = currentRecordBlob;
currentAudio = null;
this.userResults[this.sIndex] = e.score
this.native_score = this.userResults[this.sIndex].nativeness_score_percentage_user;
this.level = score_to_level(this.native_score);
this.completedSteps = Math.round(this.native_score);
this.state=”result”;
do_tracking(this.native_score);
} else {
alert(‘Server error! Sorry for this inconvinient, please try again’);
this.state=”viewing”;
}
},
phonemeHighlighter() {
let output=””;
const strings = this.sentences[this.sIndex].text.trim();
if (!this.userResults[this.sIndex]) return strings;
phonemes = this.userResults[this.sIndex].phonemes;
var whiteSpace = [];
for (var i = 0; i ‘ + strings[index] + ”;
if (whiteSpace.includes(index)) {
output += ‘ ‘;
}
}
}
return output ? ‘‘ + output + ‘.‘ : strings;
},
},
watch: {
state(newState) {
if (this.sIndex === this.sentences.length – 1 && newState == ‘result’) {
this.next();
}
}
}
})
$(window).resize(function() {
vw = Math.min(document.documentElement.clientWidth || 1000, window.innerWidth || 1000);
circle_diameter = vw > 768 ? 120 : 90;
app.circle_diameter = circle_diameter;
});
var do_tracking = function(score) {
console.log(‘Tracking: score ‘ + score);
}
$(window).on(“unload”, app.close);
// load audio
for (let index = 0; index