193 Danh từ đếm được và danh từ không đếm được (Countable and Uncountable Nouns) mới nhất

Trong nội dung này, các bạn sinh viên dạy kèm tiếng Anh của Giasuthanhtai.com.vn sẽ chia sẻ đến các em những vấn đề của Danh từ đếm đưc và Danh từ không đếm đưc, Từ chỉ số lượng thuộc phần Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh

I. Danh từ đếm được và danh từ không đếm được (Countable and Uncountable Nouns)

1. Danh từ đếm được (countable nouns)

Llà danh từ chỉ người, vật, ý niệm,… riêng lẻ có thể đếm được.

Danh từ đếm được có hai hình thức: số ít và số nhiu. Ta có thể dùng mạo từ a/ an trước danh từ đếm được số ít và các con số hoặc some, any, many, few trước danh từ đếm được số nhiều.

          Ex:     a box (một cái hộp)                          three boxes (ba cái hộp)

                    an elephant (một con voi)               many elephants (nhiều con voi)

  • Cách thành lập danh tu số nhiều
  1. Thêm s vào danh từ số ít.

          Ex: book books                  pencil pencils

  1. Thêm es sau danh từ số ít tận cùng là s, ss, sh, ch, x, z, zz.

          Ex:     bus buses                 dish dishes

                    watch watches         fox foxes

                    quiz quizzes   buzz buzzes

  1. Thêm s hoặc es sau danh từ số ít tận cùng là o.

–         Thêm s nếu trước o là một nguyên âm (a, e, i, o, u), các từ vay mượn của nước ngoài hoặc các từ viết tt.

          Ex:     radio radios

                    micro (= microcomputer) micros

–         Thêm es nếu trước o là một phụ âm.

Ex: potato potatoes hero heroes

–         Một số danh từ có thể có hai hình thức số nhiều.

Ex: buffalo buffalos, buffaloes

  1. Thêm s hoặc es sau danh từ số ít tận cùng là y.

–         Thêm s nếu trước y là một nguyên âm.

Ex: play plays           boy boys

–         y → ies nếu trước y là một phụ âm.

          Ex: lorry lorries                   supply supplies

  1. Một số danh từ số ít tận cùng là f/fe (calf, half, knife, leaf, life, loaf, self, chef, thief, wife, wolf, sheaf) về số nhiều sẽ thành ves.

Ex: leaf leaves                   thief thieves

–         Thêm s vào các danh từ tận cùng bng f/ fe khác.

          Ex: belief beliefs       café cafes

–         Một số danh từ có hai hình thức số nhiều.

          Ex: dwarf dwarfs, dwarves

  1. Một số danh từ có hình thức số nhiều bất qui tc.

Ex:     child → children            foot → feet

                    goose → geese             ox → oxen

                    man → men                             mouse →mice

                    tooth → teeth                           woman → women

                    sheep → sheep             deer → deer

  1. 2. Danh từ không đếm được (uncountable nouns) 

Là danh từ chỉ những khái niệm trừu tượng, chất liệu, chất lỏng hoặc một tổng thể.Danh từ không đếm được không có hình thức số nhiều. Không dùng mạo từ a/an hoặc các con số trước danh từ không đếm được.

Ex: sadness (nỗi buồn), love (tình yêu), rice (gạo/cơm), oil (du), furniture gỗ) …

  1. 3. Từ chỉ số lượng (Quantifiers)

Từ hoặc cụm từ chỉ số lượng trong tiếng Anh được dùng tùy theo danh từ đếm được hoặc không đếm được.

Với danh tủ đếm được

Với danh từ không đếm được

some/ any (một vài)

many (nhiều)

a large number of (nhiều)

a great number of (nhiều)

plenty of (nhiều)

a lot of/ lots of (nhiều)

few/ a few (ít/ một vài)

every/ each (mỗi)

several (một số)

some/ any (một ít)

much (nhiu)

a large amount of (nhiều)

a great deal of (nhiều)

plenty of (nhiều)

a lot of/ lots of (nhiều)

little/ a little (ít/ một ít)

–         Some thường được dùng trong câu khẳng định, câu yêu cầu, lời mời hoặc lời đ nghị; any thường được dùng trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn.

Ex: Mary needs some stamps. She does not need any envelopes.

(Mary cn vài con tem. Cô ấy không cn phong bì.)

Would you like some more coffee?

(Anh dùng thêm một ít cà phê nữa nhé.)

–         Many, much thường được dùng trong câu phủ định và nghi vấn; a lot of/ lots of, a large number/ amount of, a great number/ deal of, plenty of thường được dùng trong câu khẳng định. Tuy nhiên, many/ much luôn được dùng trong câu khẳng định có các từ very, too, so, as.

Ex:     We have a lot of things to do but we don’t have much time left, (Chúng ta có nhiu việc phải làm nhưng chúng ta không còn nhiu thời gian.)

          The new law met with a great deal of opposition at local level. (Luật mới gặp phải nhiều phản đối ở cấp địa phương.)

          Peter drank so much wine that he felt sick.

          (Peter uống nhiều rượu đến nỗi anh ấy bị bệnh.)

–         Few, little ch một số lượng rất ít, hầu như không có; a few, a little chỉ một số lượng nhỏ (gần nghĩa với some).

Ex:     She had few friends, and was generally not very happy.

          (Cô ấy có rất ít bạn, nên thường cảm thấy không vui.)

          I have a few friends here and we meet quite often. (Ở đây tôi có vài người bạn và chúng tôi gặp nhau khá thường xuyên.)

III. BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH (MULTIPLE CHOICE)

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes the sentence.

  1. Peter never feels lonely. He has got _______ friends.
  2. much B. so much            C. many                                       D. a great deal of
  3. Mrs. Pike lived with her three _______ in the countryside.
  4. child B. childs                 C. children                          D. childrens
  5. My mother needs _______ milk to make a cake.
  6. a B. some                 C. any                                       D. many
  7. How _______ apples are there in the basket?
  8. many B. much                 C. some                                       D. any
  9. I would like to buy _______?
  10. a shoes                                 B. a pair of shoes
  11. the number of shoes         D. a little shoes
  12. Let’s have a break. Would you like to have _______ coffee?
  13. any B. many                 C. little                                       D. some
  14. Look! There are _______ left over there.
  15. a little B. much seats       C. many seat                                D. a few seats
  16. _______ necessary.
  17. A lot of the information are B. Some informations are
  18. All the information is         D. Many of the informations are
  19. He was not offered the job because he knew _______ about Information Technology.
  20. a little B. little                    C. many                                       D. a few
  21. She keeps _______ in the cupboard.
  22. all rice B. a lot of rices     C. several rice                   D. many rice
  23. There are not _______ in that classroom.
  24. any student                                 B. a lot of student
  25. a great deal of students D. many students
  26. There is not _______ left in my account.
  27. some moneys B. a few money     C. much money                            D. many money
  28. People have _______ when they get older.
  29. much cells B. fewer cells        C. few cell                                  D. plenty of cell
  30. He still finds time for _______ by cooking candlelit dinners for his girlfriend.
  31. several romances B. romance                        C. many romances                              D. a few romance
  32. I cannot work because _______.
  33. there are too many noises B. there is too much noise
  34. of some noises D. of a number of noise
  35. In Britain, there are _______.
  36. fewer men than women B. fewer mans than womans
  37. too much men                                 D. too much women
  38. I think she was merely looking for _______.
  39. happiness                                 B. some happinesses
  40. many happiness         D. a few happiness
  41. _______ an imitation of life.
  42. Art is often called         B. Arts are often called
  43. An amount of arts are often called D. As sum of art is often called
  44. I am in trouble. Would you mind giving me ______?
  45. a few advice B. some advice     C. advices                          D. several advices
  46. They have made ______ before the Games starts next month.
  47. a lot of preparation         B. lots of preparation
  48. lot of preparations         D. a lot of preparations
  49. Do you serve _______?
  50. some vegetarian dishes B. many vegetarian dish
  51. any vegetarian dishes         D. vegetarian dish
  52. We had _______ after dinner.
  53. few ice cream B. a few ice cream       C. a little ice cream              D. little ice creams
  54. I do not have _______ to make _______
  55. much potatoes / a soup B. several potato / soups
  56. enough potatoes / the soup D. a potatoes / the soups
  57. There are ______ on the shelf.
  58. several bottles of wine         B. several bottles of wines
  59. several bottle of wine         D. several bottle of wines
  60. We have ______ left to finish the project.
  61. no time B. many time         C. a lot of times                          D. anytime
  62. _______ have trouble with mathematics.
  63. A large rather number of student B. A rather large number of student
  64. A large rather number of students D. A rather large number of students
  65. It requires _______ reading.
  66. few B. a few                 C. many                                       D. an amount of
  67. He hasn’t _______ of passing his exams.
  68. much hopes B. much hope       C. many hope                               D. many hopes
  69. It is important to brush your _______ at least twice a day.
  70. teeth B. teeths                C. tooth                                       D. tooths
  71. _______ has its own private bathroom.
  72. All bedroom                                 B. A plenty of bedroom
  73. Every bedroom D. Every bedrooms
  74. Not _______ teenagers spend _______ time on reading books.
  75. much / many B. many / much    C. much / much                            D. many / many
  76. We need _______ money to send our son to Oxford University.
  77. a large sum of B. a few of             C. many                                       D. lot of
  78. John wanted to buy _______.
  79. a teethbrush                                 B. some teethbrushes
  80. a toothbrushes D. some toothbrushes
  81. Intelligence is the ability to use thought and _______ to understand things and solve ______.
  82. knowledges / problems B. knowledge / a problems
  83. knowledge / problems         D. knowledges / problem

35                                   _______ is bad for our _______.

  1. Nicotines / health         B. Nicotine / health
  2. Nicotines / healths         D. Nicotine / healths

36                                   _______ used to be very expensive when they first appeared.

  1. Radios                                 B. An amount of radios
  2. A radios                                 D. Radio
  3. I’m sorry, but the repair will take _______ time.
  4. a few B. a bit of               C. many                                       D. few
  5. Mr. Pike has just bought three _______
  6. ox B. oxes                  C. oxen                                       D. oxens
  7. She teaches _______ and does not have much time for her own _______
  8. a couple of classes / researchs B. a lot of classes / research
  9. many classes / researches D. a great deal of classes / research
  10. _______ imported last year.
  11. A small number of cars were B. The number of cars were
  12. An amount of cars were D. A small number of car was
  13. I often enjoy _______ after lunch.
  14. chocolates                                 B. any chocolate
  15. a sheet of chocolate         D. a bar of chocolate
  16. The crew discovered _______ off coast.
  17. a school of fishes B. school of fish                 C. schools of fishes                             D. schools of fish
  18. He wrote the answer on _______ and threw it to me.
  19. a pieces of paper B. a piece of paper               C. piece of papers                               D. pieces of papers
  20. They ran up the hill, seeing _______ grazing.
  21. herds of cattles B. herds of cattle                          C. herd of cattles  D. a herd of cattles
  22. They demolished the old building and _______ are unloaded to build a new one.
  23. a heap of brick B. heap of bricks                         C. heaps of brick D. heaps of bricks
  24. Look! There is a _______ of ducks on the river.
  25. flock B. herd                   C. sheet                                       D. pile
  26. He sat quietly and followed his _______ of thought.
  27. train B. school               C. crowd                                       D. bar
  28. It is going to rain _______ of dark clouds are gathering in the sky.
  29. flocks B. herds                 C. masses                          D. crowds
  30. He went to the supermarket and bought a _______ of soap.
  31. cup B. tree                    C. bar                                       D. sheet
  32. Her parents gave her a _______ of pearls on her wedding day.
  33. piece B. rope                   C. train                                       D. dune

ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP THỰC HÀNH

MULTIPLE CHOICE

Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes the sentence.

  1. Peter never feels lonely. He has got _______ friends.
  2. much B. so much            C. many                                       D. a great deal of
  3. Mrs. Pike lived with her three _______ in the countryside.
  4. child B. childs                 C. children                          D. childrens
  5. My mother needs _______ milk to make a cake.
  6. a B. some                 C. any                                       D. many
  7. How _______ apples are there in the basket?
  8. many B. much                 C. some                                       D. any
  9. I would like to buy _______?
  10. a shoes                                 B. a pair of shoes
  11. the number of shoes         D. a little shoes
  12. Let’s have a break. Would you like to have _______ coffee?
  13. any B. many                 C. little                                       D. some
  14. Look! There are _______ left over there.
  15. a little B. much seats       C. many seat                                D. a few seats
  16. _______ necessary.
  17. A lot of the information are B. Some informations are
  18. All the information is         D. Many of the informations are
  19. He was not offered the job because he knew _______ about Information Technology.
  20. a little B. little                    C. many                                       D. a few
  21. She keeps _______ in the cupboard.
  22. all rice B. a lot of rices     C. several rice                   D. many rice
  23. There are not _______ in that classroom.
  24. any student                                 B. a lot of student
  25. a great deal of students D. many students
  26. There is not _______ left in my account.
  27. some moneys B. a few money     C. much money                            D. many money
  28. People have _______ when they get older.
  29. much cells B. fewer cells        C. few cell                                  D. plenty of cell
  30. He still finds time for _______ by cooking candlelit dinners for his girlfriend.
  31. several romances B. romance                        C. many romances                              D. a few romance
  32. I cannot work because _______.
  33. there are too many noises B. there is too much noise
  34. of some noises D. of a number of noise
  35. In Britain, there are _______.
  36. fewer men than women B. fewer mans than womans
  37. too much men                                 D. too much women
  38. I think she was merely looking for _______.
  39. happiness                                 B. some happinesses
  40. many happiness         D. a few happiness
  41. _______ an imitation of life.
  42. Art is often called         B. Arts are often called
  43. An amount of arts are often called D. As sum of art is often called
  44. I am in trouble. Would you mind giving me ______?
  45. a few advice B. some advice     C. advices                          D. several advices
  46. They have made ______ before the Games starts next month.
  47. a lot of preparation         B. lots of preparation
  48. lot of preparations         D. a lot of preparations
  49. Do you serve _______?
  50. some vegetarian dishes B. many vegetarian dish
  51. any vegetarian dishes         D. vegetarian dish
  52. We had _______ after dinner.
  53. few ice cream B. a few ice cream       C. a little ice cream              D. little ice creams
  54. I do not have _______ to make _______
  55. much potatoes / a soup B. several potato / soups
  56. enough potatoes / the soup D. a potatoes / the soups
  57. There are ______ on the shelf.
  58. several bottles of wine         B. several bottles of wines
  59. several bottle of wine         D. several bottle of wines
  60. We have ______ left to finish the project.
  61. no time B. many time         C. a lot of times                          D. anytime
  62. _______ have trouble with mathematics.
  63. A large rather number of student B. A rather large number of student
  64. A large rather number of students D. A rather large number of students
  65. It requires _______ reading.
  66. few B. a few                 C. many                                       D. an amount of
  67. He hasn’t _______ of passing his exams.
  68. much hopes B. much hope       C. many hope                               D. many hopes
  69. It is important to brush your _______ at least twice a day.
  70. teeth B. teeths                C. tooth                                       D. tooths
  71. _______ has its own private bathroom.
  72. All bedroom                                 B. A plenty of bedroom
  73. Every bedroom D. Every bedrooms
  74. Not _______ teenagers spend _______ time on reading books.
  75. much / many B. many / much    C. much / much                            D. many / many
  76. We need _______ money to send our son to Oxford University.
  77. a large sum of B. a few of             C. many                                       D. lot of
  78. John wanted to buy _______.
  79. a teethbrush                                 B. some teethbrushes
  80. a toothbrushes D. some toothbrushes
  81. Intelligence is the ability to use thought and _______ to understand things and solve ______.
  82. knowledges / problems B. knowledge / a problems
  83. knowledge / problems         D. knowledges / problem

35                                   _______ is bad for our _______.

  1. Nicotines / health         B. Nicotine / health
  2. Nicotines / healths         D. Nicotine / healths

36                                   _______ used to be very expensive when they first appeared.

  1. Radios                                 B. An amount of radios
  2. A radios                                 D. Radio
  3. I’m sorry, but the repair will take _______ time.
  4. a few B. a bit of               C. many                                       D. few
  5. Mr. Pike has just bought three _______
  6. ox B. oxes                  C. oxen                                       D. oxens
  7. She teaches _______ and does not have much time for her own _______
  8. a couple of classes / researchs B. a lot of classes / research
  9. many classes / researches D. a great deal of classes / research
  10. _______ imported last year.
  11. A small number of cars were B. The number of cars were
  12. An amount of cars were D. A small number of car was
  13. I often enjoy _______ after lunch.
  14. chocolates                                 B. any chocolate
  15. a sheet of chocolate         D. a bar of chocolate
  16. The crew discovered _______ off coast.
  17. a school of fishes B. school of fish                 C. schools of fishes                             D. schools of fish
  18. He wrote the answer on _______ and threw it to me.
  19. a pieces of paper B. a piece of paper               C. piece of papers                               D. pieces of papers
  20. They ran up the hill, seeing _______ grazing.
  21. herds of cattles B. herds of cattle                          C. herd of cattles  D. a herd of cattles
  22. They demolished the old building and _______ are unloaded to build a new one.
  23. a heap of brick B. heap of bricks                         C. heaps of brick D. heaps of bricks
  24. Look! There is a _______ of ducks on the river.
  25. flock B. herd                   C. sheet                                       D. pile
  26. He sat quietly and followed his _______ of thought.
  27. A. train school               C. crowd                                       D. bar
  28. It is going to rain _______ of dark clouds are gathering in the sky.
  29. flocks B. herds                 C. masses                          D. crowds
  30. He went to the supermarket and bought a _______ of soap.
  31. cup B. tree                    C. bar                                       D. sheet
  32. Her parents gave her a _______ of pearls on her wedding day.
  33. piece B. rope C. train                   D. dune
  34. BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

PRACTICE TEST 2

Choose a, b, c, or d that is the best alternative.

  1. You _______ on the bus since 10 a.m. It _______ now 10:40 a.m. and you _______ to your destination.
  2. are sitting / will be / have travelled
  3. will have sat / has been / will travel
  4. have been sitting / is / are still travelling
  5. had been sitting / was / was still travelling
  6. I _______ him these details, so he _______ some research on his own.
  7. will not tell / would have done B. have not told / would do
  8. do not tell / could not have done D. did not tell / must have done
  9. She _______ on the phone with her mother for 40 minutes, and she _______ to stop.
  10. is speaking / will not seem B. will be speaking / is not seeming
  11. has been speaking / does not seem D. has spoken / did not seem
  12. The doctor said John _______ keep on playing football.
  13. can B. could                 C. will                                       D. shall
  14. I am afraid that I _______ remember his name, but Jane know.
  15. cannot / may B. would not / will C. needn’t / mustn’t           D. ought not to / would
  16. In the end it did not rain, so I _______ my raincoat.
  17. shouldn’t bring B. might be bringing
  18. needn’t bring                                 D. needn’t have brought
  19. Most people know that smoking is harmful _______ their health but they are addicted _______ the practice.
  20. of / for B. to / to                 C. on / upon                               D. at / of
  21. Tom apologized _______ breaking Tina’s valuable pot. He said that he did not do it _______ purpose.
  22. for / on B. against / off      C. about / through                        D. on / from
  23. _______ the end _______ next month, we will have completed our course.
  24. Through / via B. On / for              C. After / from                                D. By / of
  25. They invited me _______ at the conference.
  26. speak B. to speak            C. speaking                        D. spoken
  27. I saw the customer _______ in the hall. He asked _______ the manager.
  28. wait / seeing B. to wait / for seen      C. waited / see                   D. waiting / to see
  29. We never forget _______ the President at the graduation ceremony when we were at university.
  30. to meet B. meet                  C. meeting                          D. met
  31. _______ does not like learning history.
  32. A great deal of students B. Many a student
  33. Many students D. Every students
  34. She has _______ business contacts in Las Vegas.
  35. a large amount of B. much of                                    C. the number of  D. a number of
  36. _______ must come to class on time.
  37. Most of students B. All student                           C. Every students D. Each student
  38. Barriers were built to _______ the flood water.
  39. go through B. put away           C. keep back                               D. give up
  40. When we visit a park we may see a notice saying “_______ the grass”.
  41. Get on B. Take In              C. Go up                                       D. Keep off
  42. I cannot wait until they _______ the new model.
  43. send through B. pick up              C. give away                              D. bring out
  44. We will give you a bicycle _______ you do well on your exams.
  45. only if B. until                    C. because                         D. though
  46. _______ you have lots of time to do your homework, I have very little time indeed.
  47. Since B. Whereas           C. Unless                           D. If
  48. The judge dismissed the case _______ there was not enough evidence.
  49. so B. so that               C. when                                       D. because
  50. _______ up at the airport? – John did.
  51. Whom picked you         B. Whose did you pick
  52. Who picked you         D. Who did you pick
  53. _______ up early? – To do morning exercise.
  54. Why did John get         B. How did John get
  55. Why John got                                 D. How John got
  56. Let’s go somewhere for lunch, _______?
  57. do you B. shall we             C. mustn’t you                   D. won’t us
  58. Everyone in the committee _______ to express his/her ideas.
  59. allows B. allow                  C. are allowed                          D. is allowed
  60. It was the speaker, not his ideas, that _______ the students to riot.
  61. has provoked B. provoke             C. are provoking                      D. were provoking
  62. The students and instructor _______ for a new facility by next year.
  63. are hoping B. hope                  C. hopes                                       D. were hoping
  64. I am going to the _______ to buy some medicine.
  65. chemists’s B. chemists           C. chemist                          D. chemist’s
  66. When Jenny was a child, reading _______ was her hobby.
  67. picture books B. picture of books       C. books of pictures          D. books’ pictures
  68. The project may be finished in _______
  69. two year’s time B. two years time C. two years’ time                     D. two-years time
  70. We were unable to carry out the experiment _______
  71. on account of a malfunction in the computer
  72. being a malfunction in the computer
  73. as the computer malfunction
  74. there was a computer malfunction
  75. It is colder and wetter _______
  76. as in the north of Germany B. in the north of Germany
  77. it is in North Germany D. of North Germany
  78. _______, they agreed to all our demands.
  79. My great surprise         B. To my great surprise
  80. Surprising                                 D. It was surprise
  81. _______ Austria is a member of _______ European Union.
  82. Ø / the B. an / an               C. an / the                                  D. the / an
  83. In my spare time, I play _______ guitar and collect _______ stamps.
  84. the / the B. the / Ø               C. Ø / Ø                                       D. Ø / the
  85. John is _______ English. He comes from _______ United Kingdom.
  86. the / an B. an / an               C. Ø / Ø                                       D. Ø / the
  87. We will not spend _______
  88. at home next year our holiday
  89. our next year holiday at home
  90. next year our holiday at home
  91. our holiday at home next year
  92. Old John sometimes goes out with _______
  93. a dirty old cotton tie         B. a cotton dirty old tie
  94. an old dirty cotton tie         D. an old cotton dirty tie
  95. One of Jane’s favorite subjects in school is drama because _______ lots of fun and enjoys being part of it all.
  96. has really she B. she really has   C. really she has                          D. has she really
  97. I think John is not strong enough to do the work by _______
  98. he B. him                    C. his                                       D. himself
  99. Their house has _______ own swimming pool.
  100. their B. its                       C. hers                                       D. his
  101. I prefer the second option . _______ advantages are simplicity and cheapness.
  102. It B. Its                       C. It’s                                       D. Itself
  103. German _______ in Austria.
  104. speaks B. is spoken          C. Is speaking                        D. has spoken
  105. Much of dangerous smoke goes into the air and _______ by the clouds for great distances.
  106. carries B. carrying             C. carried                           D. is carried
  107. The red button _______ in case of emergency.
  108. should not push         B. should not pushed
  109. should not be pushing         D. should not be pushed
  110. _______, he would have some good ideas.
  111. Unless were Peter here B. If here were Peter
  112. If were Peter here         D. Were Peter here
  113. _______ the priest started the ceremony.
  114. Had the couple no sooner arrived than
  115. No sooner had the couple arrived than
  116. No sooner the couple had arrived than
  117. Had the couple arrived no sooner than
  118. _______ here.
  119. At no time is parking allowed B. At no time is parking not allowed
  120. At no time parking is allowed D. Is parking allowed at any time
  121. The teacher told his student _______ to school late.
  122. does not go B. did not go         C. not go                                       D. not to go
  123. He asked me _______
  124. where were you born         B. where I was born
  125. where I had been born         D. where had I born
  126. John said that he _______ for that company for ten years.
  127. was working B. has worked       C. has been working                D. had been working
  128. Robots are growing in _______ and their use in _______ is becoming more widespread.
  129. complexity / industry         B. complex / industrial
  130. complexly / industrialize D. complex / industrially
  131. Her _______ in hearing resulted from a childhood _______
  132. difficult / ill B. difficulty / illness      C. difficultly / ill                   D. difficultly / ill
  133. We could not continue due to our _______
  134. tired B. tired                   C. tiring                                       D. tiredness
  135. The company will comply with _______
  136. whatever the board of directors decides
  137. whatever does the board of directors decide
  138. the board of directors decides whatever
  139. however the board of directors decides
  140. I think _______
  141. that Dr. Pike is a good instructor
  142. is that Dr. Pike a good instructor
  143. if that Dr. Pike is a good instructor
  144. whether is Dr. Pike a good instructor
  145. I’ll bet you can’t guess _______?
  146. that what is my occupation B. how is my occupation
  147. what my occupation is         D. what is my occupation
  148. There will be someone meeting you on arrival.
  149. When you arrive, someone will meet you.
  150. Arriving, someone will meet you.
  151. You will not be met when arriving.
  152. No one will meet you as you arrive
  153. The last time I saw him was in 2001.
  154. Since 2001, I have often seen him. B. I did not see him in 2001.
  155. In 2001, I saw him many times. D. I haven’t seen him since 2001.
  156. We are studying Unit 3 in this book.
  157. We have completed two units in this book so far.
  158. Three units in this book have been studied up to now.
  159. We have already studied three units in this book.
  160. Unit 3 in this book has been completed.
  161. We invited the boy _______ Tom had met the week before to the party.
  162. whom B. whose               C. why                                       D. where
  163. The world’s first satellite was called _______ was about the size of a basket ball.
  164. Sputnik I, which B. Sputnik I, that                C. Sputnik I which D. Sputnik I, whose
  165. That is the building _______ they shot the film ‘Vanilla Sky’.
  166. which B. that                    C. in that                                       D. where
  167. Agatha was making coffee _______ I was cooking the bacon.
  168. while B. as soon as        C. as long as                           D. until
  169. _______, I have been lonely.
  170. Since my grandfather dies B. Whenever my grandfather died
  171. Since my grandfather died D. Whenever my grandfather dies
  172. We will wait _______
  173. when finishing his homework B. before he finishes his homework
  174. no sooner he finishes his homework D. until he finishes his homework
  175. _______ I always seem to bump into him.
  176. I go B. Wherever I go  C. I go where                             D. Whatever I go
  177. The faster we finish, _______
  178. the sooner we can leave B. we can leave sooner and sooner
  179. the sooner can we leave D. we can leave the sooner
  180. This is _______ car in the garage.
  181. so expensive                                 B. more expensive than
  182. as expensive as         D. the least expensive
  183. _______ live in Shanghai _______ in any other city in China.
  184. Many people/than         B. More people / than
  185. As much people / as         D. Less people / as
  186. The summer is coming. It gets _______
  187. hot and hot B. the more hot     C. the hotter                              D. hotter and hotter
  188. If he _______ well on the training courses last year, he _______ offered the promotion now.
  189. did / were                                 B. did / would be
  190. had done / would have been D. had done / would be
  191. _______ I would take the opportunity to talk to the boss today.
  192. I were you B. If I were you     C. If I had been you                D. Had I been you
  193. You will fail _______ you study harder.
  194. if B. unless               C. provided                        D. supposed
  195. We’ll go to Kelly’s to celebrate _______
  196. if you win                                 B. if you will win
  197. supposed you won         D. providing you would win
  198. _______, we got up early and started the trip.
  199. Tired as we were         B. Despite we were tired
  200. Even though were we tired D. In spite we were tired
  201. They went swimming _______ the coldness of the water.
  202. Even if B. As though         C. In spite of                           D. Despite of
  203. They managed to work together _______
  204. In spite their differences of opinion
  205. Although they have different opinion
  206. Despite the fact their differences of opinion
  207. Even if their differences of opinion
  208. He speaks about the subject _______ an expert.
  209. as he were B. as if he were    C. if he were                               D. as if were he
  210. It looks _______ we would not be able to leave until the next day.
  211. as though B. even though     C. as                                       D. if as
  212. Do the homework _______ the teacher said.
  213. as like B. as though          C. as                                       D. as if
  214. There was _______ we were unable to find our way.
  215. such many smog that         B. so much smog that
  216. so much smog than         D. such many smog as
  217. My hometown has changed _______ I hardly recognize some places.
  218. rapidly such that B. rapidly so that               C. such rapidly that                              D. so rapidly that
  219. He was _______ he was often willing to share all of what he had got.
  220. such a generous man as B. such a generous man that
  221. so a generous man that D. a so generous man that
  222. Leave the keys out _______ I remember to take them with me.
  223. because B. so that               C. in order to                          D. so as to
  224. I was beginning to feel alarm, but kept it to myself _______ our two friends.
  225. so as not to worry         B. so that did not worry
  226. so as to I did not worry D. not in order to worry
  227. I always keep fruit in the fridge _______ insects off it.
  228. order to keep B. as to keep         C. so as to keep                           D. so as to keeping
  229. _______ he always did well on his English tests, his parents were not surprised at his good results.
  230. Since B. For                     C. Because of                    D. Due to
  231. We will be staying for an extra week, _______ we have not yet finished.
  232. because B. as                      C. for                                       D. due to
  233. _______ the students had successfully completed their exams, their parents rewarded their efforts by giving them a trip to Paris.
  234. Due to the fact that         B. Thanks to
  235. Because of                                 D. Due to

 

Error Identification

  1. If your friend tells you something in confident, do not tell anyone else about it.

                                     A                                        B          C                          D

  1. Scientists have said that global production of oil is set to peak in the next four year.

                                   A             B                        C                                                   D

  1. The world’s demand has grown faster in the past five years as in the second half of the 1990s.

                          A                                 B             C                          D

  1. Like all industrial processes, nuclear power generation has by-product wastes, so as

            A                                             B                 C                                       D

          used fuels, radioactive waste, and heat.

  1. The United States is a highly developed and industrializing society.

            A                                   B                               C              D

  1. We use lot of energy – in our homes, in businesses, in industry, and for traveling between

                              A                                                            B                    C

          different places.

                D

  1. Ancient people burned wood to keep them warm and cooking their food.

             A              B                                   C                     D

  1. In any parts of the world, wood is still the main source of energy.

          A   B                                C                   D

  1. The Mayan Indians lived in Mexico for thousand of years before the Spanish arrived in

                                             A                          B                      C                              D

          the 1500s.

  1. Teachers at the schools work hardly for at least twelve years to train their students to

                                                            A             B                        C

          become good readers.

              D

 

ĐÁP ÁN BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG

PRACTICE TEST 2

Choose a, b, c, or d that is the best alternative.

  1. You _______ on the bus since 10 a.m. It _______ now 10:40 a.m. and you _______ to your destination.
  2. are sitting / will be / have travelled
  3. will have sat / has been / will travel
  4. have been sitting / is / are still travelling
  5. had been sitting / was / was still travelling
  6. I _______ him these details, so he _______ some research on his own.
  7. will not tell / would have done B. have not told / would do
  8. do not tell / could not have done D. did not tell / must have done
  9. She _______ on the phone with her mother for 40 minutes, and she _______ to stop.
  10. is speaking / will not seem B. will be speaking / is not seeming
  11. has been speaking / does not seem D. has spoken / did not seem
  12. The doctor said John _______ keep on playing football.
  13. can B. could                 C. will                                       D. shall
  14. I am afraid that I _______ remember his name, but Jane know.
  15. cannot / may B. would not / will C. needn’t / mustn’t           D. ought not to / would
  16. In the end it did not rain, so I _______ my raincoat.
  17. shouldn’t bring B. might be bringing
  18. needn’t bring                                 D. needn’t have brought
  19. Most people know that smoking is harmful _______ their health but they are addicted _______ the practice.
  20. of / for B. to / to                 C. on / upon                               D. at / of
  21. Tom apologized _______ breaking Tina’s valuable pot. He said that he did not do it _______ purpose.
  22. for / on B. against / off      C. about / through                        D. on / from
  23. _______ the end _______ next month, we will have completed our course.
  24. Through / via B. On / for              C. After / from                                D. By / of
  25. They invited me _______ at the conference.
  26. speak B. to speak            C. speaking                        D. spoken
  27. I saw the customer _______ in the hall. He asked _______ the manager.
  28. wait / seeing B. to wait / for seen      C. waited / see                   D. waiting / to see
  29. We never forget _______ the President at the graduation ceremony when we were at university.
  30. to meet B. meet                  C. meeting                          D. met
  31. _______ does not like learning history.
  32. A great deal of students B. Many a student
  33. Many students D. Every students
  34. She has _______ business contacts in Las Vegas.
  35. a large amount of B. much of                                    C. the number of  D. a number of
  36. _______ must come to class on time.
  37. Most of students B. All student                           C. Every students D. Each student
  38. Barriers were built to _______ the flood water.
  39. go through B. put away           C. keep back                               D. give up
  40. When we visit a park we may see a notice saying “_______ the grass”.
  41. Get on B. Take In              C. Go up                                       D. Keep off
  42. I cannot wait until they _______ the new model.
  43. send through B. pick up              C. give away                              D. bring out
  44. We will give you a bicycle _______ you do well on your exams.
  45. only if B. until                    C. because                         D. though
  46. _______ you have lots of time to do your homework, I have very little time indeed.
  47. Since B. Whereas           C. Unless                           D. If
  48. The judge dismissed the case _______ there was not enough evidence.
  49. so B. so that               C. when                                       D. because
  50. _______ up at the airport? – John did.
  51. Whom picked you         B. Whose did you pick
  52. Who picked you         D. Who did you pick
  53. _______ up early? – To do morning exercise.
  54. Why did John get         B. How did John get
  55. Why John got                                 D. How John got
  56. Let’s go somewhere for lunch, _______?
  57. do you B. shall we             C. mustn’t you                   D. won’t us
  58. Everyone in the committee _______ to express his/her ideas.
  59. allows B. allow                  C. are allowed                          D. is allowed
  60. It was the speaker, not his ideas, that _______ the students to riot.
  61. has provoked B. provoke             C. are provoking                      D. were provoking
  62. The students and instructor _______ for a new facility by next year.
  63. are hoping B. hope                  C. hopes                                       D. were hoping
  64. I am going to the _______ to buy some medicine.
  65. chemists’s B. chemists           C. chemist                          D. chemist’s
  66. When Jenny was a child, reading _______ was her hobby.
  67. picture books B. picture of books       C. books of pictures          D. books’ pictures
  68. The project may be finished in _______
  69. two year’s time B. two years time C. two years’ time                     D. two-years time
  70. We were unable to carry out the experiment _______
  71. on account of a malfunction in the computer
  72. being a malfunction in the computer
  73. as the computer malfunction
  74. there was a computer malfunction
  75. It is colder and wetter _______
  76. as in the north of Germany B. in the north of Germany
  77. it is in North Germany D. of North Germany
  78. _______, they agreed to all our demands.
  79. My great surprise B. To my great surprise
  80. Surprising                                 D. It was surprise
  81. _______ Austria is a member of _______ European Union.
  82. Ø / the B. an / an               C. an / the                                  D. the / an
  83. In my spare time, I play _______ guitar and collect _______ stamps.
  84. the / the B. the / Ø               C. Ø / Ø                                       D. Ø / the
  85. John is _______ English. He comes from _______ United Kingdom.
  86. the / an B. an / an               C. Ø / Ø                                       D. Ø / the
  87. We will not spend _______
  88. at home next year our holiday
  89. our next year holiday at home
  90. next year our holiday at home
  91. our holiday at home next year
  92. Old John sometimes goes out with _______
  93. a dirty old cotton tie         B. a cotton dirty old tie
  94. an old dirty cotton tie         D. an old cotton dirty tie
  95. One of Jane’s favorite subjects in school is drama because _______ lots of fun and enjoys being part of it all.
  96. has really she B. she really has   C. really she has                          D. has she really
  97. I think John is not strong enough to do the work by _______
  98. he B. him                    C. his                                       D. himself
  99. Their house has _______ own swimming pool.
  100. their B. its                       C. hers                                       D. his
  101. I prefer the second option . _______ advantages are simplicity and cheapness.
  102. It B. Its                       C. It’s                                       D. Itself
  103. German _______ in Austria.
  104. speaks B. is spoken          C. Is speaking                        D. has spoken
  105. Much of dangerous smoke goes into the air and _______ by the clouds for great distances.
  106. carries B. carrying             C. carried                           D. is carried
  107. The red button _______ in case of emergency.
  108. should not push         B. should not pushed
  109. should not be pushing         D. should not be pushed
  110. _______, he would have some good ideas.
  111. Unless were Peter here B. If here were Peter
  112. If were Peter here         D. Were Peter here
  113. _______ the priest started the ceremony.
  114. Had the couple no sooner arrived than
  115. No sooner had the couple arrived than
  116. No sooner the couple had arrived than
  117. Had the couple arrived no sooner than
  118. _______ here.
  119. At no time is parking allowed B. At no time is parking not allowed
  120. At no time parking is allowed D. Is parking allowed at any time
  121. The teacher told his student _______ to school late.
  122. does not go B. did not go         C. not go                                       D. not to go
  123. He asked me _______
  124. where were you born         B. where I was born
  125. where I had been born         D. where had I born
  126. John said that he _______ for that company for ten years.
  127. was working B. has worked       C. has been working                D. had been working
  128. Robots are growing in _______ and their use in _______ is becoming more widespread.
  129. complexity / industry         B. complex / industrial
  130. complexly / industrialize D. complex / industrially
  131. Her _______ in hearing resulted from a childhood _______
  132. difficult / ill B. difficulty / illness      C. difficultly / ill                   D. difficultly / ill
  133. We could not continue due to our _______
  134. tired B. tired                   C. tiring                                       D. tiredness
  135. The company will comply with _______
  136. whatever the board of directors decides
  137. whatever does the board of directors decide
  138. the board of directors decides whatever
  139. however the board of directors decides
  140. I think _______
  141. that Dr. Pike is a good instructor
  142. is that Dr. Pike a good instructor
  143. if that Dr. Pike is a good instructor
  144. whether is Dr. Pike a good instructor
  145. I’ll bet you can’t guess _______?
  146. that what is my occupation B. how is my occupation
  147. what my occupation is         D. what is my occupation
  148. There will be someone meeting you on arrival.
  149. When you arrive, someone will meet you.
  150. Arriving, someone will meet you.
  151. You will not be met when arriving.
  152. No one will meet you as you arrive
  153. The last time I saw him was in 2001.
  154. Since 2001, I have often seen him. B. I did not see him in 2001.
  155. In 2001, I saw him many times. D. I haven’t seen him since 2001.
  156. We are studying Unit 3 in this book.
  157. We have completed two units in this book so far.
  158. Three units in this book have been studied up to now.
  159. We have already studied three units in this book.
  160. Unit 3 in this book has been completed.
  161. We invited the boy _______ Tom had met the week before to the party.
  162. whom B. whose               C. why                                       D. where
  163. The world’s first satellite was called _______ was about the size of a basket ball.
  164. Sputnik I, which B. Sputnik I, that                C. Sputnik I which D. Sputnik I, whose
  165. That is the building _______ they shot the film ‘Vanilla Sky’.
  166. which B. that                    C. in that                                       D. where
  167. Agatha was making coffee _______ I was cooking the bacon.
  168. while B. as soon as        C. as long as                           D. until
  169. _______, I have been lonely.
  170. Since my grandfather dies B. Whenever my grandfather died
  171. Since my grandfather died D. Whenever my grandfather dies
  172. We will wait _______
  173. when finishing his homework B. before he finishes his homework
  174. no sooner he finishes his homework D. until he finishes his homework
  175. _______ I always seem to bump into him.
  176. I go B. Wherever I go  C. I go where                             D. Whatever I go
  177. The faster we finish, _______
  178. the sooner we can leave B. we can leave sooner and sooner
  179. the sooner can we leave D. we can leave the sooner
  180. This is _______ car in the garage.
  181. so expensive                                 B. more expensive than
  182. as expensive as         D. the least expensive
  183. _______ live in Shanghai _______ in any other city in China.
  184. Many people/than         B. More people / than
  185. As much people / as D. Less people / as
  186. The summer is coming. It gets _______
  187. hot and hot B. the more hot     C. the hotter                              D. hotter and hotter
  188. If he _______ well on the training courses last year, he _______ offered the promotion now.
  189. did / were                                 B. did / would be
  190. had done / would have been D. had done / would be
  191. _______ I would take the opportunity to talk to the boss today.
  192. I were you B. If I were you     C. If I had been you                D. Had I been you
  193. You will fail _______ you study harder.
  194. if B. unless               C. provided                        D. supposed
  195. We’ll go to Kelly’s to celebrate _______
  196. if you win                                 B. if you will win
  197. supposed you won         D. providing you would win
  198. _______, we got up early and started the trip.
  199. Tired as we were         B. Despite we were tired
  200. Even though were we tired D. In spite we were tired
  201. They went swimming _______ the coldness of the water.
  202. Even if B. As though         C. In spite of                           D. Despite of
  203. They managed to work together _______
  204. In spite their differences of opinion
  205. Although they have different opinion
  206. Despite the fact their differences of opinion
  207. Even if their differences of opinion
  208. He speaks about the subject _______ an expert.
  209. as he were B. as if he were    C. if he were                               D. as if were he
  210. It looks _______ we would not be able to leave until the next day.
  211. as though B. even though     C. as                                       D. if as
  212. Do the homework _______ the teacher said.
  213. as like B. as though          C. as                                       D. as if
  214. There was _______ we were unable to find our way.
  215. such many smog that         B. so much smog that
  216. so much smog than         D. such many smog as
  217. My hometown has changed _______ I hardly recognize some places.
  218. rapidly such that B. rapidly so that               C. such rapidly that                              D. so rapidly that
  219. He was _______ he was often willing to share all of what he had got.
  220. such a generous man as B. such a generous man that
  221. so a generous man that D. a so generous man that
  222. Leave the keys out _______ I remember to take them with me.
  223. because B. so that               C. in order to                          D. so as to
  224. I was beginning to feel alarm, but kept it to myself _______ our two friends.
  225. so as not to worry         B. so that did not worry
  226. so as to I did not worry D. not in order to worry
  227. I always keep fruit in the fridge _______ insects off it.
  228. order to keep B. as to keep         C. so as to keep                           D. so as to keeping
  229. _______ he always did well on his English tests, his parents were not surprised at his good results.
  230. Since B. For                     C. Because of                    D. Due to
  231. We will be staying for an extra week, _______ we have not yet finished.
  232. because B. as                      C. for                                       D. due to
  233. _______ the students had successfully completed their exams, their parents rewarded their efforts by giving them a trip to Paris.
  234. A. Due to the fact that         Thanks to
  235. Because of                                 D. Due to

 

Error Identification

  1. If your friend tells you something in confident, do not tell anyone else about it.

                                     A                              B confidence          C                          D

  1. Scientists have said that global production of oil is set to peak in the next four year.

                                   A             B                        C                                                   D years

  1. The world’s demand has grown faster in the past five years as in the second half of the 1990s.

                          A                                 B             C                          D than

  1. Like all industrial processes, nuclear power generation has by-product wastes, so as

            A                                             B                 C                                       D such as

          used fuels, radioactive waste, and heat.

  1. The United States is a highly developed and industrializing society.

            A                                   B                               C industrialized                     D

  1. We use lot of energy – in our homes, in businesses, in industry, and for traveling between

                              A a lot of/ lots of                                 B                     C

          different places.

                D

  1. Ancient people burned wood to keep them warm and cooking their food.

             A              B                                   C                     D to cook

  1. In any parts of the world, wood is still the main source of energy.

          A   B many                     C                   D

  1. The Mayan Indians lived in Mexico for thousand of years before the Spanish arrived in

                                             A                B thousands                       C                                 D

          the 1500s.

  1. Teachers at the schools work hardly for at least twelve years to train their students to

                                                            A hard              B                        C

          become good readers.

              D

Chuyên đề xem thêm:
1. Giới từ
2. Cụm động từ
3. Đảo ngữ
4. Các dạng so sánh
5. Trật tự tính từ
6. Lượng từ 
7. Cụm từ cố định
8. Thành ngữ tiếng Anh
9. Cách phát âm và trọng âm
10. Mẫu câu tình huống giao tiếp tiếng Anh
12. Đại từ nhân xưng – sở hữu – phản thân
13. Gia sư quận 5
14. Gia sư quận 6
15. Gia sư quận 7